The United States Supreme Court took up two important cases with respect to wetlands and other waters of the United States when it agreed to hear the consolidated Carabell and Rapanos cases in 2006. This website provides links to various aspects of the legal stories associated with the cases, beginning with the application (in the case of Carabell) and enforcement documents (in the case of Rapanos) then ending with the Supreme Court decision in both. Click on the links below to access these documents, which are separated into the original cases.
This website has been created for academic purposes by Professor Kim Diana Connolly, to be used by her students and others interested in studying the United States Supreme Court Rapanos and Carabell wetlands cases. Professor Connolly appreciates the assistance provided by the Detroit District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, University of South Carolina School of Law Webmaster Tobias Brasier and USC School of Law research assistant John Lipscomb. For academic questions related to the cases below or regulation of wetland generally, please feel free to contact Professor Connolly.